The visualization of the "glass ceiling" took place at the University of Vienna for the first time in 2003 in the form of a career secretary. This linear representation shows women's and men's shares as well as their development over the course in the various career stages of an academic career. There is often a clear discrepancy between women's shares in the earlier stages of the scientific career, such as the assistants Praedoc and Postdoc, up to the proportion of female professors at the end of the career ladder. This phenomenon is called the "Leaky Pipeline" and indicates that women reach the highest levels of a career more rarely than their male counterparts.
In the Gender Equality and Diversity Uni, this phenomenon is analyzed annually in the form of a 5-year comparison from the praedoc level to the professorships. The comparison of scissor diagrams of the years 2011 and 2016 of all faculties and centers of the University of Vienna is online in German and English now.
So-called "data brochures" with gender specific data at the University of Vienna are published every two years (in German only).
The aim is to regularly review the representation of gender in all areas and hierarchical levels at the university and thereby display developments over the years.
The current brochure shows actual gender relations in every step of a scientific career: from studies to doctorates, leading to habilitations and appointments for professorships. It focusses on career developments, starting with master, diploma graduates and graduates of a teaching position up to professorships. But the brochure also contains data on the non-academic staff: working hours, structure of age, parental leave and parental part-time work.
NEW in this data brochure are overviews over timelines between five to ten years.
While in 2007 there were only 13.7% female professors, we see an increase up to 26.4% in 2014. This growth can be interpreted as a success in the first step. But that rate also contains those guest professors, who are at the university for more than one year.
The leaky pipeline in the back of the brochure shows, that a gender gap is back-to-front between second degrees (master, diploma, and teaching position) and professorships: the amount of women who have a second degree is close to 70%, the amount if men in professorships is about 74%.
The amount of women with a doctoral degree has barely changed: in 2014 it is 49%. The amount of women who got a habilitation or an appointment decreased to 37% and 31% in 2014.
The development on tenure tracks are still focused in particular; the amount of women went down to 38%.
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Human Resources and Gender Equality
University of Vienna